100 descriptive essay topics best persuasive speech topics

This rude form of vocal Music, as it is by far the most simple and obvious, so it naturally would be the first and earliest. The wager of battle was not long in experiencing the first assaults of the new power. Last of all, what, he imagined, was an evident proof of the justness of this account of virtue, in all the disputes of casuists concerning the rectitude of conduct, the public good, he observed, was the standard to which they constantly referred; thereby universally acknowledging {268} that whatever tended to promote the happiness of mankind was right and laudable and virtuous, and the contrary, wrong, blamable, and vicious. 100 descriptive essay topics best persuasive speech topics It is added that, taking advantage of a quibble as to the kind of instrument employed, he lapsed again into the sin of shaving, when the anger of Heaven manifested itself by allowing him to fall into the hands of an enemy, who put out his eyes.[1276] Yet, on the other hand, the ordeal sometimes was regarded as the most satisfactory kind of proof, entitled to respect beyond any other species of evidence. The testimony of the doctors of law, both civil and canon, accordingly was that it was blind, deceitful, and perilous.[252] In fact, it is easy to conceive of the difficulty of finding five, or nine, or eleven men willing to risk their lives and families by standing up in support of any one who had fallen into the grasp of the Holy Office. This is essentially a teacher’s view. The quickness of the eye of mirth for expressions of the mood of romping play is seen in a child’s laughter, already referred to, at the gambols of a horse or other animal. But a still stronger evidence of a remote period may be traced in the wells constructed with large unburned bricks, formed in a mould wider at one end than at the other, to adapt them to the true circumference of the well itself. Albans. All poetry, all song, begins with the people, in the mouths of humble singers. The poem of Lucretius is quite a different matter. They were affectionate moral discourses, strictly, I believe, in agreement with the spirit of Christianity, though not on any peculiar doctrines; for in these I had purposely avoided all doctrinal points, although doctrinal views may, when properly presented, be the best preventives, and in some cases the best medicines, in the cure of insanity; but the circumstances in which I was at that time placed, appeared to forbid even their most cautious introduction, and were scarcely admissible to an audience consisting of some of almost all denominations. II.–_Of those Systems which make Reason the Principle of Approbation._ IT is well known to have been the doctrine of Mr. Von Rosbach states that judges were not in the habit of granting the request, though no authority justified them in the refusal;[1734] and half a century later this is confirmed by Bernhardi, who gives as a reason that by withholding the proceedings from the accused they saved themselves trouble.[1735] The right of the accused to see the evidence adduced against him was still an open question so recently as 1742, for Goetz deems it necessary to argue at some length to prove it.[1736] The recognized tendency of such a system to result in an unfavorable conclusion is shown by Zanger’s elaborate instructions on this point, and his warning that, however justifiable torture may seem, it ought not to be resorted to without at least looking at the evidence which may be attainable in favor of innocence;[1737] while von Rosbach characterizes as the greatest fault of the tribunals of his day, their neglect to obtain and consider testimony for the accused as well as against him.[1738] Indeed, when the public interest was deemed to require it, all safeguards were withdrawn from the prisoner, as when, in 1719 in Saxony, a mandate was issued declaring that in cases of thieves and robbers no defence or exceptions or delays were to be admitted.[1739] In some special and extraordinary cases, the judge might allow the accused to be confronted with the accuser, but this was so contrary to the secrecy required by the inquisitorial system, that he was cautioned that it was a very unusual course, and one not lightly to be allowed, as it was odious, unnecessary, and not pertinent to the trial.[1740] Theoretically, there was a right of appeal against an order to inflict torture, but this, even when permitted, could usually avail the accused but little, for the _ex parte_ testimony which had satisfied the lower judge could, of course, in most instances, be so presented to the higher court as to insure the affirmation of the order, and prisoners, in their helplessness, would doubtless feel that by the attempt to appeal they would probably only increase the severity of their inevitable sufferings.[1741] Moreover, such appeals were ingeniously and effectually discouraged by subjecting the advocate of the prisoner to a fine or some extraordinary punishment if the appeal was pronounced to be frivolous;[1742] and some authorities, among which was the great name of Carpzovius, denied that in the inquisitorial process there was any necessity of communicating to the accused the order to subject him to torture and then allow him time to appeal against it if so disposed.[1743] Slender as were these safeguards in principle, they were reduced in practice almost to a nullity. Be this as it may, as soon as we obtain an insight into their customs from written laws, we find the wager of battle everywhere recognized. To interest a man in a stretch of country take him up to a height whence he may overlook it. The family-likeness sometimes skips over the next of kin or the nearest branch, and re-appears in all its singularity in a second or third cousin, or passes over the son to the grand-child. ‘We have still to examine whether sight produces any moral sentiment or intellectual faculty. I intend, whenever I can, to read Beaumont and Fletcher all through. If he does not know how, that is an indication that his personality and ability are parts of the failure. At the time that Lord Byron thought proper to join with Mr. The delicious sense of relief which the collapse of the strained attitude brings us may no doubt be due to a consciousness of the transition, the escape from pressure of the moment before. 5). In Milan, in 1338, it could be only employed in capital cases where there was evidence or public repute; it could only be ordered by the lord of the city, his vicar, the podesta, and the criminal judges, and even these were heavily fined if they used it illegally or elsewhere than in the accustomed torture-chamber; the abuse of torturing witnesses had already been introduced, but the judge was warned that this could be done only when the witness swore to having been personally present and then varied in his testimony or gave false evidence. The public library is cooperative in its very essence. Upon these he rings perpetual Changes, and trespasses as much upon the patience of the Company in the Tavern, as upon their Enclosures in the Field, and is least impertinent, when most drunk. Then, indeed, would the fire of Divine Love purify the earth of the human mind;—then would the oil of charity be the fuel on the altar of every heart;—then would the light of Divine Wisdom ascend into understanding, there to remain a sun without clouds for ever. It looks as if only the more solid material interests now moved the mind, as if sport had to have its substantial bait in the shape of stakes, while comedy must angle for popularity with scenic splendours which are seen to cost money. Should the design be put in execution, and found efficacious, it will be applicable to other coasts, by taking every particular respecting them into consideration, and great will be the reward on the ambition attained of having endeavoured to benefit the community at large. Ellis than play and pore over Alger than eat–this as irrefragable proof of fitness for a library career. While some persons, therefore, considered it a direct failure, my relative deemed it a partial one, and watched with undiminished ardour the effect produced by the stranding of the Hunter cutter, A.D. They would say, _magnus lupus_, _magna lupa_, _magnum pratum_, when they meant to express a great _he wolf_, a great _she wolf_, or a great _meadow_. This seems to be the bond of connexion (a delicate one it is!) between the painter and the sitter—they are always thinking and talking of the same thing, the picture, in which their self-love finds an equal counterpart. That, _prima facie_, we have to do in this case with a real difference in the mode of perception, seems indisputable; let the reader compare the effect of the two spectacles, a man wearing an extravagantly tall hat, and a small boy wearing a hat of the height of a man’s; or, again, a tiny man alone, and a short man by the side of a tall woman. Bad little boys annoyed the workmen. * * * * * * Oh, Heaven! The librarian then pursues whatever course seems good to him. M. He was describing the pictures to two persons that were with him. went further, and in the case of a priest who had put forward a champion who had slain his antagonist he decided that both principal and champion were guilty of homicide and the priest could no longer perform his functions, though he might have a dispensation to hold his benefice.[700] These cases suggest one of the reasons why the repeated papal prohibitions were so ineffective. Fair Erembors beside him Sits clasped in loving hold, And in their eyes and lips they find The love they vowed of old! All material of this kind is peculiar to the library where it is preserved and helps to make that library’s collections a departure from standardization whose importance we need, perhaps, insist on no further. Thank heaven they do not tempt the librarian. Who ought to reap the harvest? They think the library is what it was in 1850. Popular mirth has made a {102} prominent target of men’s _pretences_. I believe that everybody’s experience will confirm this. Bentham’s artificial ethical scales would never weigh against the pounds of human flesh, or drops of human blood, that are sacrificed to produce them. But this simplification of languages, though it arises, perhaps, from similar causes, has by no means similar effects with the correspondent simplification of machines. The _hah_, or fathom, was one of the units of land measure, and the corn fields and cacao plantations were surveyed and laid out with ropes, _qam_, marked off in fathoms. One has only to think of the variations, from period to period, in the fashionable modes of accost, of pronouncing words, and so on. After a repast they get up, one after the other, each exhibiting his musical resources by beating a drum and singing, and adding a touch of the actor’s art by making comical gestures, and playing ridiculous tricks with the face, head and limbs.[216] Much the same kind of contest takes place {250} in connection with their peculiar ordeals, already referred to. If the first of those two paradoxes should appear sufficiently violent, the second is evidently too absurd to deserve any serious consideration. “According to the Greatest Happiness Principle, the ultimate end, with reference to, and for the sake of which, all other things are desirable (whether we are considering our own good or that of other people), is an existence exempt as far as possible from pain and as rich as possible in enjoyments, both in point of quantity and quality; the test of quality, and the rule for measuring it against quantity, being the preference felt by those who, in their opportunities of experience, to which must be added their habits of self-consciousness and self-observation, are best furnished with the means of comparison.”[31] This, according to Utilitarians, is also the standard of morality. It is reported that he was a clever man, a hard student, fond of political subjects, and that speculations on the national debt were the cause of his insanity.—This report receives a colouring of probability from two large trunks full of books now in the Asylum belonging to him, almost wholly on subjects of political science, among which is a large collection of pamphlets on the national debt, and it is apparently confirmed by the nature of his hallucination; only I cannot trace the report to any certain source. To convince such of their error, and to illustrate the methods employed by these native American scribes, I will present and analyze several typical examples from Aztec manuscripts. Pearson, which is bothering the heads of some of our library trustees at this moment–the acceptance and preservation of full sets of the printed catalogue cards of the Library of Congress. I assented to this remark, and I confess it struck me as shewing a deep insight into human nature. Of all the plays it is the longest and is possibly the one on which Shakespeare spent most pains; and yet he has left in it superfluous and inconsistent scenes which even hasty revision should have noticed. One reason for this indifference may have been, that as a writer he was tolerably successful in his life-time, and no doubt produced his works with very great facility. Every such body must likewise be conceived as capable both of motion and of rest; both of altering its situation with regard to other surrounding bodies, and of remaining in the same situation. It is, indeed, so very absurd that one can scarce help suspecting that it must have been in some measure misunderstood or misrepresented. Why do they treat Shakespear so cavalierly? If tickling is a playing at fighting we may expect it, like other kinds of play, to mimic serious forms of assault. ESSAY XVI HOT AND COLD ‘——Hot, cold, moist, and dry, four champions fierce, Strive here for mastery.’— MILTON. They are links in the chain of thought. They are too reticent to speak of these subjects other than by accident to the white man. The very existence of a library presupposes such a love of books. Philosophy, therefore, may be regarded as one of those arts which address themselves to the imagination; and whose theory and history, upon that account, fall properly within the circumference of our subject. In all these cases (and others where the same epithet is used) there is something little and comparatively trifling in the objects and the interest they inspire. I of course consider each of them as the same cane. Many have felt as though they were possessed by a mightier spirit than their own, which dictated while they merely obeyed. Armorial bearings of this character present charges, the names of which resemble more or less closely in sound the proper names of the family who carry them. They have still the blind affections craving for food, and they here find food for their gratification, better suited to their state than they could find it in the world. It is not until the latter half of the thirteenth century that the first faint traces of legalized torture are to be found in France, at whose University of Paris for more than a hundred years the study of the Pandects had become the absorbing topic, and where the constantly increasing power of the crown found its most valuable instruments in the civil lawyers, and its surest weapon against feudalism in the extension of the royal jurisdiction. Those mathematicians who invented the doctrine of Eccentric Circles and Epicycles, contented themselves with showing, how, by supposing the heavenly bodies to revolve in such orbits, the phenomena might be connected together, {355} and some sort of uniformity and coherence be bestowed upon their real motions. No doubt Rostand’s people play up to this too steadily. Let us look a little further, and view our Sex in a state of more improvement, amongst our Neighbours the _Dutch_. The question of whether recreation is or is not taken 100 descriptive essay topics best persuasive speech topics need not be considered. The cost of operating three large branches in Carnegie buildings is about $40,000 yearly, whereas our travelling libraries for the last fiscal year cost us but $6400. Hence the origin of Verse or Poetry. But if what he had been guilty of was not merely one of those improprieties which are the objects of simple disapprobation, but one of those enormous crimes which excite detestation and resentment, he could never think of it, as 100 descriptive essay topics best persuasive speech topics long as he had any sensibility left, without feeling all the agony of horror and remorse; and though he could be assured that no man was ever to know it, and could even bring himself to believe that there was no God to revenge it, he would still feel enough of both these sentiments to embitter the whole of his life: he would still regard himself as the natural object of the hatred and indignation of all his fellow-creatures; and, if his heart was not grown callous by the habit of crimes, he could not think without terror and astonishment even of the manner in which mankind would look upon him, of what would be the expression of their countenance and of their eyes, if the dreadful truth should ever come to be known. O that mankind knew these glorious truths, which are everywhere most beautifully held forth to our view—not only knew these things, but knew also the happiness of making all this knowledge increase the well being and happiness of others around them! ix., p. Nevertheless, the {121} theory may be said to come under the principle of degradation, in so far as it makes the process of laughter start with a perception of some point of inferiority, that is to say of a comparative loss of dignity, in the laughable object. If it were a question about the figure of two triangles, and any person were to object that one triangle was green and the other yellow, and bring this to bear upon the acuteness or obtuseness of the angles, it would be obvious to remark that the colour had nothing to do with the question. With a live staff and a poor executive there will be a maximum of mistakes, absurd and ill-judged plans–a failure to co-ordinate effort in different lines. Impudence again is an equivalent for courage; and the assumption of merit and the possession of it are too often considered as one and the same thing. What a difference is there in this respect between a Madonna of Raphael, and a lady of fashion, even by Vandyke: the former refined and elevated, the latter light and trifling, with no emanation of soul, no depth of feeling,—each arch expression playing on the surface, and passing into any other at pleasure,—no one thought having its full scope, but checked by some other,—soft, careless, insincere, pleased, affected, amiable! Generosity is different from humanity. A curious chapter in several of the books, especially those of Kaua and Mani, is that on the thirteen _ahau katuns_, or epochs, of the greater cycle of the Mayas. One thing is certain: except in obedience to an order of court, it is not only unjust, but entirely inexpedient from the library’s standpoint to betray to anyone a user’s whereabouts against that user’s wishes or even where there is a mere possibility of his objection. THE TUPI-GUARANI. It is what it is; it does not pretend to be another thing. I do not know that those whose names stand at the head of all subscriptions to charitable institutions, and who are perpetual stewards of dinners and meetings to encourage and promote the establishment of asylums for the relief of the blind, the halt, and the orphan poor, are persons gifted with the best tempers or the kindliest feelings. Wherever she bestows a _turn_ for any thing on the individual, she implants a corresponding taste for it in others. But of all the patrons of this system, ancient or modern, the late Dr. _No._ 6.—_Admitted_ 1791. Another woman was stripped naked, laid on a cold stone with a hair-cloth over her, and thus kept for twenty-eight days and nights, being fed on bread and water. It is the same if we start with the other or Moral principle. Sir Walter Scott gives the external imagery or machinery of passion; Shakespear the soul; and Racine the moral or argument of it. They cannot enter into that absurd idea of duty which influenced us, nor go along with any of the actions which follow from it. This case, I shall hereafter show, was apparently saved by this separation from former associates, at this critical period of convalescence, and he was one who required very superior and intellectual attention. But there is one assertion that we can make boldly. We may, if we choose, begin our survey of the continent with its extreme northernmost inhabitants, the Eskimo, whose abode is along the inhospitable shores of the Arctic sea. “Society,” charmingly irrational as she is, has no monopoly in the matter of the incongruities. Footnote 49: It must be granted, however, that there was something _piquant_ and provoking in his manner of ‘making the worse appear the better reason.’ In keeping off the ill odour of a bad cause, he applied hartshorn and burnt feathers to the offended sense; and did not, like Mr. It will be found that much that is commonly described as wit discloses the softening effect of humour, and might, indeed, just as well be called an illustration of humour. It may reside in a person or persons, or in a system, or in a building–or in all three. The word Moral Sense is of very late formation, and cannot yet be considered as making part of the English tongue. The last is perhaps the most rarely practised. The health and spirit that but now breathed from a speaking face, the next moment breathe with almost equal effect from a dull piece of canvas, 100 descriptive essay topics best persuasive speech topics and thus distract attention: the eye sparkles, the lips are moist there too; and if we can fancy the picture alive, the face in its turn fades into a picture, a mere object of sight. When seen in this light, if they appear to us as we wish, we are happy and contented. The declensions and conjugations, therefore, of the Greek are much more complex than those of any other European language with which I am acquainted. What is that like?